A zener diode is a diode that breaks down at a specific voltage when it is reverse biased. Basic zener regulator analysis procedure step 1 determine the state of the zener diode by removing it from the network and calculating the voltage across the resulting open. L is in parallel with the zener diode, so that the voltage v. Please take note of the zener diodes orientation in the above circuit. Zenerdiode regulator all semiconductor diodes will break down and conduct appreciable current under reverse bias conditions if the reverse voltage across the diode is large. Some of the important applications of a zener diodes are as a voltage regulator or stabilizer, as a meter protector and as a wave shaper. Zener diodes design support tools available features silicon planar power zener diodes for use in stabilizing and clipping circuits with high power rating the zener voltages are graded according to the international e 24 standard. When connected in forward bias, the zener diode behaves exactly like the normal silicone diode. This needs to be taken into account if the circuit and equipment in which the zener diode is to be used is subject to temperature change. Diode circuit model the conventional voltage polarity across the. Working of the zener diode is similar to a pn junction diode in forward biased condition, but the uniqueness lies in the fact that it can also conduct when it is connected in reverse bias above its threshold breakdown voltage. Regulator zener diode regulator for low current power supplies a simple voltage regulator can be made with a resistor and a zener diode connected in reverse.
When a reverse current above the zener voltage passes through a zener diode, there is a controlled breakdown which does not damage the diode. A zener diode is constructed for operation in the reverse breakdown region. The zener diode maintains a stable output voltage irrespective of the input voltage provided the maximum zener current is not exceeded. Like any semiconductor device, the zener diode is sensitive to temperature. Zener diode as voltage regulator tutorial electronicstutorials. Lets try again, this time with our friend, the zener diode. A typical zener diode for general electronic circuits is the 500mw, bzx55 series or the larger 1. Precautions regarding application examples and external circuits 1. V z0 is the voltage at which the straightline approximation of the iv characteristic intersects the horizontal axis. Zener diodes are used in circuits to maintain a fixed voltage across a load. Diode circuits operating in the reverse breakdown region. If current is pushed through the back of the diode the bottom of the triangle, it flows no problem. A zener diode is designed to operate in the breakdown mode.
But one of the main disadvantages of using voltage biased diode clipping circuits, is that they need an additional emf. Analysis of networks employing zener diodes is quite similar to that applied to the analysis off semiconductor i d t diodes di d iin previous i. Voltages across the parallel elements must be the same. This will be a brief note on different types of diodes with basic functionality and its circuit symbol.
Diode circuit analysis by assumed diode states 1 specify ideal diode model or piecewiselinear diode model id a id a reverse bias forward bias vd v reverse bias forward bias 2 each diode can be on or off vdon 3 circuit containing n diodes will have 2 n states 4 the combination of states that works for all di d i t t ith. When the system is turned on on, the zener diode will turn on on as soon as the voltage across the zener diode is vz volts. Ee40 lec 18ee40 lec 18 diode circuitsdiode circuits reading chap 10 of hamblereading. In this tutorial, we will learn about different types of diodes. Note that the load resistor rl is in parallel with the zener diode, so that the voltage vo across this load resistor is. If change is made to the constant of an external circuit, please allow a sufficient margin considering variations of the characteristics of the products and external components. So long as the power supply voltage remains above the zener voltage 12. Write down all circuit equations and simplify as much as possible 2. Zener diodes are designed to operate in the reverse breakdown region. Every software package contains a full set of examples suitable for that version and are installed with the software. Zener diodes as voltage regulators a circuit diagram symbol for a zener diode.
The basic circuit symbol of the diode is shown on figure 1. Zener diodes are designed so that their zener voltage is much lower for example just 2. Diode for a real diode we use load line graphical analysis for an ideal diode, we use a deductive method. L is equal to the zener breakdown voltage v zkregardless of the value of load resistor r l or source voltage v s provided, of course, that the zener diode is in breakdown. This is an example of a primary application of zener diodes voltage regulation. Recipe for solving diode circuits state of diode is unknown before solving the circuit 1. Zener diode examples and circuit analysis book pdf by alvin issuu. Check to see if i d is positive for all diodes assumed to be. In normal diodes, the breakdown voltage is very high and the diode gets damaged totally if a voltage above the breakdown diode is applied, but in zener diodes, the breakdown voltage is not as high and does not lead to permanent damage of the zener diode if the voltage is applied as the reverse voltage applied to the zener diode increases towards the. Unlike the resistor, whose two terminal leads are equivalent, the behavior of the diode depend on the relative polarity of its terminals. Types of diodes small signal, led, schottky, zener.
Solve the circuit to find the currents, i d, of diodes assumed to on and the voltages, v d, of the diodes assume to be off 3. Hbd854 zener theory and design considerations handbook. These include small signal diodes, zener diodes, light emitting diodes, schottky diodes, tunnel diodes, avalanche diodes, etc. Zener diode in may applications, operation in the reverse breakdown region is highly desirable. In a zener diode voltage regulator circuit,the source series resistance rs 20 ohm. The examples are related to the zener diode voltage regulator.
It will then lock in at this level and never reach the higher level of v volts. This breakdown is nondestructive if the current is not excessive. To analyze a circuit with a zener diode in it, you do the same thing you do with a circuit that has a normal diode. Finally, lets try using one fat 20 v zener diode type 1n5357brlg, to drop some of the load. In this tutorial, we will examine the use of zener diode in pspice and learn about editing the properties of devices this tutorial is written with the assumption that you know how to do all of the basic things in. Zenerdiode regulator all semiconductor diodes will break down and conduct appreciable current under reverse bias conditions if the reverse voltage across the diode is large enough. Ee40 lec 18ee40 lec 18 diode circuitsdiode circuits. The reverse breakdown voltage is relatively insensitive to the current flowing thought the diode the reverse current. If source voltage vs can vary from 20 volt to 30 volt,find the maximum and minimum current in the diode. Zener diode examples and circuit analysis book pdf by. So if vs is also vz, then r2 has no voltage across it and, hence, no current through it. In the voltage regulator the zenerdiode operates in the. The use of a bias voltage means that the amount of the voltage waveform that is clipped off can be accurately controlled.
Applications of zener diodes zener diodes finds a wide applications commercially and industrially. Use the diode equation for that state to solve the circuit equations and find i d and v d 3. The zener diode working principles and its various. The zener voltage of a standard diode is high, but if a reverse current above that value is allowed to pass through it, the diode is permanently damaged. Then, the output on the anode of the zener is just 16 v, well within the safe input range of the regulator. Electronics tutorial about the zener diode and how the zener diode can be. This was a bad thing before the whole avalanche breakdown, large current. Zener diodes are rated by their breakdown voltage v z and maximum power p z typically 400mw or 1. A zener diode is like an ordinary diode only that it has been doped to have a sharp a breakdown voltage. Zener diodes are normal pn junction diodes operating in a reverse biased condition.
Diodes and diode circuits tlt8016 basic analog circuits 20052006 11 3. The voltage at the top of the zener is going to be vz assuming it is reverse conducting, which it is in the first circuit. In this video, the examples based on the zener diode circuit have been solved. A simple zenerdiode voltage regulator in the voltage regulator the zenerdiode operates in the breakdown region, which ensures approximately constant voltage across it. Zener diodes when we first talked about practical diodes, it was mentioned that a parameter associated with the diode in the reverse bias region was the breakdown voltage, v br, also known as the peakinverse voltage piv. How does the behavior of a zener diode differ substantially from that of a normal. If current is pushed through the front of the diode the point of the triangle with the line, the valve snaps shut and stops letting flow through. A zener diode is effectively a oneway valve for current. Applications of zener diodes voltage regulator, meter. If you see examples here that are not in your installation you should consider updating to a later version of the software.1577 921 406 752 736 1415 528 994 1005 9 57 1426 360 1270 1063 576 220 1094 1053 1066 1468 556 792 621 1129 414 492 1140 105 357 1088 1179 715 246 494 1034 290 1466 853 1216 677 473 947